Supported data stores

Our aim is to support all popular data stores with Bach. Currently we support PostgreSQL and Google BigQuery; see below for more details and tips on each. Amazon Athena support is coming soon, and our roadmap includes Databricks, Redshift, Clickhouse, etcetera.


Out of the box, the Objectiv Collector comes with a PostgreSQL database. There are no known compatibility issues - please let us know if you find any.

Google BigQuery

Google BigQuery is supported via a Snowplow pipeline. See how to set up Google BigQuery.

A few things are useful to keep in mind while modeling on BigQuery, see the tips below.

Use valid column names

The Series in a Bach DataFrame map directly to database columns, hence a Series name must be a valid BigQuery column name, and contain only letters (a-z, A-Z), numbers (0-9), or underscores (_), and it must start with a letter or underscore. Consider this especially when using DataFrame.unstack().

Use a data sample

Querying big datasets can be expensive with BigQuery. To get a smaller sample of the current DataFrame, use DataFrame.get_sample():

table_name = 'objectiv-production.writable_dataset.table_name'
df.get_sample(table_name, sample_percentage=10)

This creates a permanent table, so make sure you have a write access.

Use temporary tables to limit query complexity

Sometimes complex operations on Bach cannot be executed on BigQuery and you might get an error:

Resources exceeded during query execution: Not enough resources for query planning - too many subqueries or query is too complex.

If the underlying SQL query is complex for your dataset and you still need to apply other operations, in order to avoid the query becoming too complex (and getting the error above), you should first materialize the current DataFrame as a temporary table:

df = df.materialize(materialization='temp_table')

and then continue to do all the other operations.

One way of checking SQL complexity is to print the resulting query: